Asphalt is an amalgamation of filler, binder, and lump. Here the lump can consist of sand, slags, crushed rocks, waste, gravels, and by-products, and these substances improve or make it more endurable. It is also known as ‘bitumen’ which is a semi-liquid form of petroleum.
The chief use of asphalt is for paving driveways or parking lots. Some homeowners and builders also use it to produce flat roofs, some waterproofing goods, etc.
Where is Asphalt Produced?
There are both fixed and mobile asphalt factories where production takes place. Asphalt plant can produce about 800 tons of asphalt per, in an hour. Usually, the production takes place at a temperature between 150 degrees to 180 degrees. But recently, with the use of new techniques, asphalt production is possible at lower temperatures.
Types of asphalt
Depending on the use, different requirements and applications, asphalt production involves a wide variety of combinations. The creation of these combinations can come out at various temperatures.
- HMA (Hot Mix Asphalt) –This asphalt combination commonly occurs at extremely high temperatures (150 – 180 degrees). The primary use for this is in patching work and paving. The workers must use it while it is hot because it hardens like a rock as it cools down.
- MC Cold Mix –It is not a permanent fix. This type of asphalt’s primary use is in areas or locations that have little to no traffic, as it forms at low or cold temperatures.
- UPM –It is cold mix asphalt, but is different from MC Cold Mix. Builders can use it as a permanent solution to a concrete issue. It can work in all work conditions and is suitable to repair both dry and wet asphalt problems.
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Benefits of Asphalt Paving
First and foremost, it is economical; it gives a quick repair compared to other concrete installations. It is affordable, owing to the low cost of its life cycle.
One of the unique benefits is its durability; it is strong enough to last for decades if you build it well and maintain properly. Asphalt paving will not need a significant construction before two decades. It is completely recyclable, thus proving it to be environment friendly.
Builders and pull out the old pavement crush it and then mix it with new asphalt. It also ensures safety as it prevents the driver’s enervation and skidding.
Asphalt paving advances water drainage and reduces the risk of accidents. It is versatile, as its usage is not limited to driveways or roads; many builders use it in other residential and commercial construction projects.
Its application includes in the making of barn floors, running tracks, and any different athletic courts. It is useful in constructing private roads and sidewalks as it provides a smooth driving surface.
Functions of a paving company
Usually, a paving firm’s functions include cementing the edges of the areas that require paving, cleaning the soil, and preparing a foundation for installation.
Their work involves cutting of stones into the determined size and design, with a splitter.