Windows are openings in the walls that require a proper seal against water, wind, and heat.
Throughout the years, window technology has come a long way in providing comfort, energy conservation, maintenance, and ease of use.
The proper installation of windows is vital to ensure optimum performance.
Poor installation can result in rotting, cracks, and mold formation.
There are several signs that can reveal poor installation and several essential steps to take in order to mend them.
What Are the Benefits of Proper Window Installation?
The proper installation of windows will ensure several benefits for your home, including:
- Weatherproofing: One of the primary purposes of windows is to keep out the weather elements. Correct window installation will provide a continuous barrier between the window and wall to protect against the elements. Without this barrier, water can readily penetrate through the window, resulting in unwanted cracks and gaps. The accumulation of excess moisture often causes a detrimental effect on your house’s structural integrity and lead to undesirable mold formation.
- Energy efficiency: The windows in your house should complement the air barrier of the wall. The presence of tiny cracks around the window frame can increase air infiltration, leading to heat or energy loss over time. The proper installation of windows will lessen heating costs during the winter and air conditioning costs during summer, resulting in better energy efficiency, saving on your monthly utility bills.
- Condensation: It is important to note that the condensation that forms amidst the panes is one of the main reasons why window replacement is necessary. The windows should complement the vapor barrier of the walls to avert moisture from moving on every side of the frame. Once the vapor liquefies on cold surfaces amidst the frame and the wall, rotting occurs. In most instances, homeowners consider it an issue with the window alone, but it stems from incorrect installation.
Steps on Proper Window Installation
Proper installation of windows is a must to ensure that they will function optimally in protecting against the weather elements.
If signs of incorrect installation reveal themselves, it may be time to get in touch with reputable companies, such as window installation Alexandria.
Let’s check out the detailed instructions on how to install a window properly:
1. Clean the Window Opening
Before the installation of the window, you need to clean the window opening first.
You can utilize a vacuum to remove any debris and dust effectively.
2. Apply Flash Tape
Apply flash tape to the window sill.
It must fit the entire length of the sill and cover up to the vertical leg of the stool or base ledge of the window’s interior side.
It would be best if you work it into the corner of the stool.
3. Check if the Sill Is Level
You must inspect the leveling of the sill and double-check that there is no bowing. If necessary, utilize shims to keep the sill level.
Once you properly position for proper leveling, secure in place with screws together with flashing tape to thwart any movement.
4. Dry-fit the New Window
It is then important to dry-fit the new window into the opening.
You must make sure that there is a tiny gap surrounding the frame and then put the window aside.
It is important to note that large windows can be heavy, so it is best to get assistance while moving and supporting them during installation.
5. Apply Caulk
Add a 3/8-inch line of silicone caulk at the inner head or top of the frame plus the stops and the sill.
6. Secure The Window In Position
Set the window in the opening, positioning it in contact with the interior stops and pushing securely against the caulk.
You can utilize the shims to set the window, positioning them at the pre-drilled frame screw hollows.
From the interior, add screws into the holes and through the shims.
7. Inspect the Sashes
Assess if the sashes rest evenly in the frame. If necessary, utilize extra shims at the meeting rails to adjust the edge of the new window.
8. Make Sure That the Window Is Even
Inspect for plumb, level, and square, and make sure that the window functions correctly.
At this point, you can make modifications to the shims. Once everything is in place, cut out any shims that are sticking out.
The best way to check for squares is to measure the window frame’s diagonals, not the interior trim.
9. Cover Up Any Gaps
Starting from the outside, apply spray foam insulation ideally for windows into the gaps around the window.
Make sure not to overfill the holes, though. Check the manufacturer’s instructions on the packaging.
As for more significant cracks, you can fill them with weatherstripping to ensure that the window is waterproof and airtight.
10. Create the Weep Holes
Measure the height of the window starting from the base to the sill to size the sill adapter.
Using a sharp utility knife, cut the sill adapter to the suitable width.
The weep holes are tiny slots that allow water to move out. Create two weep holes at the base of the adapter and lock them onto the window.
You can utilize a piece of scrap wood to protect the sill adapter. Tap it in position using a hammer.
11. Installing the Trim and Caulking the Interior
Install the external trim around the window frame using finish nails.
Utilize a nail set to finish driving the nails to prevent the formation of dents on the border.
Latex caulk can be used to seal the edges of the trim. If there are any evident nail holes, fill them with wood putty and paint the trim as needed.
Apply latex caulk along the interior border to complete the installation.
When a window in your home shows signs of damage, it might be time for a replacement.
Whether you have the skills to handle the job or call in a professional, the proper installation of a window is vital to ensure that it functions optimally in keeping your home safe from the elements.